The Alhambra is a castle, a fortress, a royal palace and gardens. The Alhambra is all this and more. It was built between the 13th and 14th century and was the jewel of the Nazari Kingdom, which included part of the provinces of Córdoba, Sevilla, Jaén, Murcia and Cádiz and all Almeria, Málaga and Grenade.
The Alhambra represents the glory and the power of Nazari dynasty. Its takeover took place in 1492 with the entrance of the Catholic Monarchs in the city after a 10 years war. The first sultan of the Alhambra was Muhammad I or Al-Ahmar, founder of the Nazari dynasty, and the last one was Muhammad XII, known as Boabdil.
Unlike most cathedrals in Spain, construction of this cathedral had to await the acquisition of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada from its Muslim rulers in 1492; while its very early plans had Gothic designs, such as are evident in the Royal Chapel of Granada by Enrique Egas, the construction of the church in the main occurred at a time when Spanish Renaissance designs were supplanting the Gothic regnant in Spanish architecture of prior centuries.
The Cathedral of Granada had been intended to become the royal mausoleum by Charles I of Spain of Spain, but Philip II of Spain moved the site for his father and subsequent kings to El Escorial outside of Madrid.
Christians called it "new" because it was the first place that created, in the sixteenth century.
Plaza Nueva is the core of the old city: from here, you can climb to the Alhambra by the Cuesta de Gomérez, to Albaicin by the narrow streets surrounding the Chancery and by Carrera del Darro.La Carrera del Darro and the Paseo de los Tristes are one of the most beautiful places in Granada, next to the river Darro. It offers stunning views of the Alhambra.
Albaicín and Sacromonte
The Albaicín (World Heritage Site) and the Sacromonte are two of the districts with more colour, enchantment and history of the city of Granada. To wonder around the Albaicín is to make a trip to its moriscs roots in as well as an enjoyment for the senses. To cross its labyrinth of narrow streets perfumed of blossom smell, to contemplate the gardens of cármenes (its typical houses) or to accompany an aromatic tea with delicious Arab sweets, are experiences that the visitor does not have to miss.
The Sacromonte neighbourhood is famous by its caves, in which the gypsies continue celebrating every night their flamenco songs and dance celebrations. It was here where the gypsies who came with the Catholic Kings troops when they conquered the city settled.